Some people say that Bumbá Garantido was founded by Lindolfo Monteverde.
As a young boy, Monteverde enjoyed hearing the stories his grandfather used to tell. His favorite story was the tale of a happy and cheerful ox who danced and was deeply loved by everyone. One day, Pai Francisco , who worked for the farm owner, kills the ox to fulfill the desire of Mãe Catirina , his pregnant wife, to eat beef tongue. The couple is then chased by all villagers while a doctor, a priest, the owner and his daughter Sinhazinha try to save the ox's life. After much praying the ox is resuscitated, to the great joy of all. A huge party then takes place and Pai Francisco , the story's villain, is forgiven.
Years later the story remained in Monteverde's imagination, so one day he built a wooden frame, covered it in fabric and paraded around Parintins with his Boi Bumbá .
After Monteverde joined the army, he became very sick and made a promessa (prayer) to St. John the Baptist. He promised that if he ever regained his health, his Boi would always come to the streets, as long as he lived. His prayer was answered, and that was the beginning of Boi Garantido.
According to the legend, Monteverde was a fine improvisation artist and created impromptu verses for the toadas as teasers for the opposite Boi . His deep voice could be heard from far away.
Boi Garantido is white and his symbol is a red heart. There are several versions for the origin of the Garantido name. According to one of them, once during the show one of the horns of “Boi contrário” ( Caprichoso ) fell down. Monteverde immediately seized the opportunity and sang “our Boi always comes out in one piece. That is for sure! (‘ garantido ')”. In another version of the story, a Caprichoso singer said “take care this year, for my Boi is finely built (“ caprichado ”). To which Monteverde responded “well, then finely build yours, for mine is sure thing (‘garantido')!” There are many other versions and people in Parintins are always eager to tell them.
Bumbá Caprichoso was allegedly created by the Cid brothers in 1913 in what is now the “blue portion” of the city. They moved to Parintins in search of work. They wanted to start a family and a new life. They too made promessas to St. John the Baptist, and their prayers were answered. In return they built an ox puppet in honor of the Saint.
José Furtado Belém, a lawyer and politician from Parintins, saw a Boi dance when he went to Manaus . He liked the idea and created Boi Galante with the Cid brothers. The first version was a crude cardboard box that came to the streets in june 1922. In 1925, a group of people that included the Cid brothers wanted to create a Boi Bumbá . Colonel João Meireles named it Caprichoso , a Boi from Manaus of which he was a big fan. Caprichoso began as a group of 20 with a blue star as a symbol.
history of the Parintins festival
There are several versions for the Festival history. Composer Raimundinho Dutra says that, according to his parents, his grandfather Marçal Mendes de Assunção brought the first dances to Parintins in 1888. Odinéia Andrade, a folklore expert, confirms the version that the Fetsival began in 1913 with the Cid brothers. Simão Assayag, an engineer who is also a composer, painter, sculptor and folklore expert, says that the first two Bois were Garantido , created by Lindolfo Monteverde, and Galante , the work of a certain Emídidio Vieira. Over some disagreements Vieira eventually left Galante , which was then took over by the Cid brothers, who changed the name to Caprichoso .
All those different versions, some of them full of passion, are part of a wide range of human cultural phenomena, different points of view and ways of understanding and living everyday history.
Parintins folklore festival is a melting pot of such diverse elements as church indoctrination, indian rituals, mythology, science, facts, fiction, political longings and charges of environmental hazards. The festival reflects the culture, art, the experiences and the life of this is internationally renowned modicum of Brazil .
In 1966, a set of rules was created a standard in the evaluation of the performances. The Bois used to be managed by owners until a board of directors was chosen for each Boi in the early eighties. Starting in 2005, the city hall took over the administration of both groups.Text: Sheila Cirigola